Remarks On And
Summary Of The Apocalypse
By Samuel P. Tregelles
argument assumes that the chapters of
the Revelation follow one another in a chronological sequence, so that
narrated in Chapter 4 (the vision of the crowned elders) must be
before that which is recorded in Chapter 19, viz. the appearing in
glory of the
Lord. This assumption, however, is a fallacy, as a very brief
the matter will show. The order of narration is not historical but
which occurs last being often here (as elsewhere) narrated first.
Indeed, it is
usual in all prophetic Scripture to exhibit the final scene of triumph
glory—“the preface of blessing
,” as it has been most appropriately called—before the
development of evil and of judgment. A
conspicuous example is found in the second chapter of Isaiah, which
the first of the visions granted to that prophet. The first five verses
a glorious picture of the final blessing
of Israel in the millennial day, followed by a terrible description of
judgments which shall precede the Day of the Lord and the humbling of
nation under His hand.
the Revelation, like other books
of prophecy, is composed of a series of visions which present, in
aspects and with varying details, the events of the same, or parts of
period of history, the rule being that the earlier visions give
later ones details, of the same events. There is not the slightest
in perceiving that after the vision of the glory of the risen saints in
given in Chapters 4 and 5 of the Revelation, Chapter 6 gives an outline
reaches to the close of the present dispensation, treating, in fact, of
same events as are related in different connections, in Chapter 19.
the vision presented in Chapters 4, 5 is
anticipative is proved by the fact
that coincidentally with the worship in heaven of the crowned elders
ones representing the risen saints, the earth at large, and Israel in
presented in relations of millennial blessing. The words “they
on the earth” (Chapter 5. 10) which Dr. Tregelles
asserts, form the true reading (see ante,
note on p. 69) must point to Israel enjoying the fulfillment of
60:8-12. And even if the saints on earth, whose prayers are presented
the throne by the crowned elders in heaven, could be supposed to be the
of Israel during the days of Antichristian tribulation (a supposition
the most irreconcilable difficulties, but which has been strongly
urged), it is
impossible to overlook the fact that the earth with all its inhabitants
13) is represented as joining, at the same time, in the song of praise
and the Lamb. This could never take place until the period of
evil was over, and the Lord was exalted throughout the earth (see Ps.
that is, until after His second
yet it is frequently urged that “the
structure of the Revelation” is the strongest argument for the
saints at a secret coming occurring some time prior to the Lord’s
will be easily seen by the following
outline of the Revelation, that the principle of repetition is followed
throughout that book, as indeed is the case, generally, in all the
2, 3—The decline and approaching judgment of corporate Gentile
as represented by the Seven Churches of Asia.
4, 5—A vision of the heavenly glory of the risen “Church of
and the Millennial blessing of the earth; forming the “preface of
the Revelation as a whole.
6—A vision, in outline, of the judgments immediately preceding
Advent. The “preface of blessing” is given in verse 2,
where the Lord
displayed as the Conqueror; after which the chapter retraces the
giving instruction regarding points prior to His appearing.
7-9—A section giving fuller details of the Divine judgments which
the Advent. The “preface of blessing” is given in Chapter
7, which sets
the two elect bodies who are preserved for blessing at that period;
Elect Remnant of Israel (Chapter 7:1-8); and, second, “The Church
first-born ones which are written in Heaven” (Cf. Heb. 12:23).
10-13—A section giving still fuller details of the same
restricted to the last 1,260 days of the dispensation, i.e.the last
“half-week” of Daniel (Dan. 9:27). Hence this portion of
the Revelation is called “a little book.”
The plan of the chapters is as follows: Chapter 10—The
vision of the Lord’s coming in power and glory. Chapter
during the 1,260 days’ testimony of the two witnesses.
outcast and persecuted. Chapter 13—Antichrist reigning supreme.
14—A vision enlarging certain of the points before mentioned,
testimony, sufferings, and blessed hope of the persecuted saints. The
of blessing” is in verses 1-5.
15-18—A section dealing specially with the judgment of Babylon.
15—The “preface of blessing:” a vision of the
Millennial glory and reign of Christ and His saints.
16—Judgments upon “the seat of the Beast and all
who follow him.”
Babylon: (The Antichristian system.)
Chapter 18—Material Babylon: (The
capital city of Antichrist’s dominion.)
19—The coming of the Lord in glory.
20—The Millennial Reign, closed by a final revolt against God:
judgment of the wicked dead.
21:1-8—The New Heavens and Earth—Eternity.
21:9—end, Chapter 22. 1-5—The
Heavenly City, in its relations with the Earth during the Millennium
(“The proof of this is seen in 22:2—“the
leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations.” In the New
Heaven and New Earth (21:1) there is no more curse,
sorrow, crying, nor pain,
“for the former things have passed away”).
Chapter 22:6 to end—Concluding
words of warning and promise.