Recommended Books For Biblical Languages Study

By Ed. F. Sanders

General Resources

1. The Interlinear Hebrew-Greek-English Bible, One-Volume Edition*, By Jay P. Green

NT Greek

Lexicons and Dictionaries

1.  Mounce's Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words,*  William D. Mounce. An update to Vines work**, much improved. Highly recommended!

2. Word Study Greek-English New Testament (McReynolds): a new work based on the NSRV.
3. Expository Dictionary Of Biblical Words, Steven D. Renn: another update of W.E. Vines work**.

4. Thayer's Greek - English Lexicon: an older work but is still one of the best lexicons available for general use.

5. The New Strong's Complete Dictionary Of Bible Words* (Nelson Publishers): Strong's Lexicon is in the public domain and comes in a variety of versions. It has a numbering system that is used in a number of publications and software packages. A version of Strong's lexicon is a 'must-have' book.

6. Liddell And Scott Greek-English Lexicon (Oxford Press): the 'standard' lexicon for classical Greek and very useful for NT studies.

7. The New Englishman's Greek Concordance by George V. Wigram. This lists every place each Greek word is used in the New Testament, regardless of how it is translated into English.

8. The Exhaustive Concordance to the Greek New Testament by John R. Kohlenberger III, lists all N.T. verses containing occurrences of a particular Greek word 'in Greek'.

9. Shorter Lexicon of the Greek New Testament* by F. Wilbur Gingrich. This is an abridged version of  their massive Greek Lexicon.

10. The New Greek English Interlinear New Testament by Brown, Comfort and Douglas, Published by Tyndale.

11. Word Studies in the New Testament by Marvin R. Vincent. Analyzes Greek words and phrases in the NT, an older work but still very useful.


1. Basics of Biblical Greek* by William D. Mounce (published by Zondervan). This book is highly recommended.

2. New Testament Greek for Beginners by J.Gresham Machen (published by Macmillan).

3. The Basics of New Testament Syntax by Daniel B. Wallace published by Zondervan, an abridged version of his larger work "Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics - An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament"

4. New Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors*, by Gordon D. Fee, published by Westminster John Knox.

5. Elements Of NT Greek*, J. W. Wenham, Cambridge University Press; 2nd edition. Considered by many to be the 'best' Greek grammar text.

6. Idioms of the Greek New Testament by Stanley E. Porter.

OT Hebrew

1. Old Testament Exegesis: A Handbook for Students and Pastors*, by Douglas Stuart, published by Westminster John Knox.

2. A Concise Hebrew and Aramaic Lexicon of the Old Testament, William L. Holladay, published by Eerdmans

3. Biblical Hebrew: A Text and Workbook, Bonnie P. Kittel (ed), Yale University Press
4. Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Francis Brown

5. Learn Biblical Hebrew, John Dobson, (Summer Inst of Linguistics)

6. Word Studies In The OT, W.E. Vine, an excellent tool that is use for students without a knowledge of OT Hebrew. Somewhat outdated.
CAVEAT: Vine is a dispensationalist and his bias towards that theology is stong in some articles.

(more OT works to be added)

Copies of these books can be found at almost any Christian book store or distributor. Used copies can sometimes be found on or at a reasonable price. Also try our used book search engine.

* indicates most highly recommended

** W.E. Vine's work Word Studies In The OT and NT has been a popular tool for students without a knowledge of NT Greek, even though it is  somewhat outdated. CAVEAT: Vine is a dispensationalist and his bias towards that theology system is stong in some articles.

Credits: Some of the information above from Corey Keatings website: This is an excellent source for information on NT Greek and study resources.