Dr. Wernher von Braun stands at his desk in the Marshall Space Flight
Center, Alabama (1964)
Dr. Wernher von Braun (March 23, 1912 –
June 16, 1977) was one of the leading figures in the development of
rocket technology in Germany and the United States. The German
scientist, who led Germany's rocket development program (V-2) before
and during World War II, entered the United States at the end of the
war through the then-secret Operation Paperclip. He became a
naturalized U.S. citizen and worked on the American ICBM program before
joining NASA, where he served as director of NASA's Marshall Space
Flight Center and the chief architect of the Saturn V launch vehicle,
the superbooster that propelled the United States to the Moon. He is
generally regarded as the father of the United States space program.
Wernher von Braun received the National Medal of Science in 1975.
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