Bible TranslationsComparison Chart
General Translation Classifications:
Word For Word: (KJV, NASB, NKJV) sometimes called Formal Equivalence, ie. as literal as possible, sometimes sacrificing meaning.
Equivalence (ESV, HCSB) is a recent term used with the English
and the Holman Christian Standard Bible.
The theory is to translate
using Formal Equivalence
where possible and Dynamic
Equivalence where needed to clarify the text.
(NIV) Meaning based, sometimes referred to as Dynamic
Equivalence, sometimes sacrificing literal meanings.
Paraphrase: (The Message, The Living Bible), sometimes called a 'Free Translation' however it is not strictly a translation but a interpretive restatement of the text.